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List Folder Permissions Ubuntu
To change those values, a special command exists. Let's see the chmod options for the permissions: read - r or 4write - w or 2execute - x or 1 chmod options for user: owner - ugroup…. File permissions define which user or system accounts have permissions to read, write, and execute specific files. Permissions in Ubuntu. , this WILL NOT fix your problems. In Ubuntu I want to change the file permissions of a whole folder and all its sub folders to read/write by anybody. You may encounter permissions issues when trying to access VirtualBox shared folder on Ubuntu (or other Linux distros). Start by right-clicking the folder you want to share, and select Share Folder. Following the example above. In Linux/UNIX, the concept of user (owner) and group is very fundamental, as everybody wants things he uses to be kept secure and properly organized. How To Change Ownership of Files and Directories in Unix February 9, 2009 by Gleb Reys 8 Comments I've just been asked a question about changing the ownership of files from one Unix user to another, and thought it probably makes sense to have a quick post on it. This Liquid Web Tutorial will lead you through adding a user, granting user privileges, and saving your file in Ubuntu 14. This works in most cases, where the issue is originated due to a system corruption. If you're coming from a Windows background then you're probably used to being able to open files, save them, move them and run them without giving a seconds thought. Samba is a free/open source and popularly used software for sharing files and print services between Unix-like systems including Linux and Windows hosts on the same network. A lot of problems people have with mythtv can be traced back to filesystem permission issues. However, for each symbolic link listed on the command line, chmod changes the permissions of the pointed-to file. We're planning to allow a single user with a local shell account to connect with FTP. $ chmod 777 -R /path/to/Dir To assign reasonably secure permissions to files and folders/directories, it's common to give files a permission of 644 , and directories a 755 permission, using the find command and a pipe we can target just files. If you have any. But often, only three are used. ftpaccess file. First combination of rwx represents permission for the owner. They even fixed the gvfs permissions errors I was getting with OpenOffice trying to open files on my Windows Shares. mv old_file_name new_file_name Rename a directory. You can also access your Windows files from the Bash shell. It also allows to clone/copy permissions of one file to another. In this case, this command will list the details of hadoop folder. Following the example above. This works in any linux distro, such as Ubuntu, etc. One of the biggest difficulties migrating to Ubuntu is losing access to your windows files. Installing Samba. It is commonly assumed, to get into this level of usage, the command line is a must. After you shared a folder in Ubuntu, let's see how to access that folder from a Windows 7 computer. 7) digits, which control the file permissions. The chmod command, like other commands, can be executed from the command line or through a script file. I have downloaded a new directory called "stardust-v10". A normal file is indicate with - , while a folder is indicate by d , which means directory. Attempt to set permissions for the file dsn directory. 04 LTS while logged in as root. An effective rights mask defines the most restrictive level of permissions. Linux environments you install from the Store (like Ubuntu and openSUSE) keep their files in a hidden folder. Click Add User: Unix Username: Select a user on this Ubuntu machine. Create a directory in which to “mount” your external hard drive – I created a directory called public under my media directory, by entering “sudo mkdir /media/public” (without the quotes). of the link is identical to the owner of the target file or directory (in terms of Linux file system ownership/permissions. There are four OCTAL (0. You can also specify a directory to list. Linux file and directory permissions by Jim McIntyre in Open Source on July 21, 2000, 12:00 AM PST To ensure system security, you must establish good file and directory standards. Firefox stores a user's personal information such as bookmarks, extensions, and user preferences in a unique profile. The permission for deleting a file is not governed by the write permission on the deleted file; it is controlled by the write permission on the directory containing the file. Apparently, I did not have 'write permission' on the said. CHMOD stands for "Change Mode" and it is the Linux command which is used to change the access permissions of files and directories. d/samba restart. A lot of problems people have with mythtv can be traced back to filesystem permission issues. Samba is a free implementation of the SMB/CIFS networking. When run by itself, ls returns a list of the current working directory. This is a file that contains just the username and password. Firefox stores a user's personal information such as bookmarks, extensions, and user preferences in a unique profile. Following the example above. For a directory. Installing Samba. Important: The XAMPP installation sets the correct Ownership of the files and permissions. In this article, we have seen three useful command line methods to search for files. Each file, and each directory (folder), has permissions on it telling who can mess with it, and how: r means Read permission, you can see what's inside. -N, --no-pad Don't pad filenames so that they align in the output. 30 ): Keep in mind that this will only reset your Gnome-specific settings. 04, and secure them with username/password authentication, this is useful if you are setting up a NAS or Storage server that can later be accessed by most operating systems. This right is gained by adding the user to the "admin" group. Installing Samba. That said, we can still manage to share folders between guest OS running on Hyper-V and the host operating system in a way which is secure, well-tested and stable. Below is the different rights that you can grant in an alpha numeric format. 4 777 for example, means that the file has full permissions and setuid bit: chmod 4 777 /path/to/myscript. How to Set File Permissions Using `chmod' Files and directories in Unix may have three types of permissions: read (`r'), write (`w'), and execute (`x'). Lets call the group "media". There are four OCTAL (0. In Ubuntu / Linux everything is a file, so everything will have permissions also. 04 Symfony is a PHP full-stack web framework and an open source community-driven project built on top of the Symfony Components to create websites and web applications. For a directory. The above article and video are a simple file sharing between Windows 10 and Linux Ubuntu. This is not a problem since the permissions of symbolic links are never used. 04 Permissions. I didn't assign a user to Samba file server on Linux. I've been very happy with ZFS for my mission critical files, but have found it's inflexibity a little annoying with my home media server. For the sake of this post, I will use the folder Sites (that I created under my personal folder /home/shprink/Sites/). The chmod command is used to change file mode bits. List the files in a directory in Unix. -n, --no-buffer Force stdout to be flushed after checking each file. If you use suid or sgid permissions on a directory, any files created inside that directory will have the same owner (if suid) or group (sgid) as the directory in question. txt Now that we've secured the ftp directory and allowed the user access to the files directory, let's modify our configuration. It uses Samba, Winbind, Kerberos and nsswitch. Example: tar -cpf – /home/goober | 7za a -si -mx=9 /tmp/myarchive. These permissions could allow tampering with sensitive files, so in general, it is not a good idea to use these settings. Ubuntu is in turn based on the Debian distribution of Linux. Modes You can specify the mode value on the command line in either symbolic form or as an octal value. When run by itself, ls returns a list of the current working directory. mv file_name destination_directory. Previously, we had a public folder for all network. First you have to create a mounpoint, that is, a directory in your Ubuntu which will reflect the shared folder from Windows: # sudo mkdir /media/windows-share. Lets call the group "media". Create Users, share drives and folders across the network. Below are the user(s) with following permissions: Domain Users - Traverse folder, List Folder, Create Folders. For a simple directory listing, at the Unix prompt, enter: ls. You view the contents of the /var/www (/var/www/html in CentOS) directory…. Check the created folder from Ubuntu: Check Created Folder. When you create a new file it is the directory that changes. We're planning to allow a single user with a local shell account to connect with FTP. In this guide, we will show how to setup Samba4 for basic file sharing between a Ubuntu systems and Windows machines. CHMOD stands for "Change Mode" and it is the Linux command which is used to change the access permissions of files and directories. As a root user, create a directory that will be used to save all files generated and stocked by Dolibarr (PDf invoices, uploaded images, ), and attribute to this directory a owner that must be the web server (example www-data on Debian, apache on Mandriva, RedHat, Fedora). The following commands are implemented: check Warn about bad directory/file ownership or permissions, and cre- ate missing directories. If the services required to sh. Step 2: Right click on the file and select Properties option. 4 LTS (32 bit) PROBLEM The shared folder(s) as seen in Ubuntu is/are empt Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Go inside the home folder, you can find your Ubuntu user account's home folder. We recently blogged about our preview release of Azure Storage Files here. Ubuntuguide. Will see how it works. But imagine how difficult it was going to be if I had multiple sub folders and putting it in a readable was just going to be too cumbersome. The goal is to allow each member of a development team to access the Subversion repositories from a remote location (e. We hope this Share File between Ubuntu and Windows article helped you to share file between Ubuntu and Windows 10 easily like a pro Linux user. You can now create folders or files inside the shared directory from your Windows machine and check if they created in Ubuntu too. The rm command is a very powerful command. The chmod numerical format accepts up to four octal digits. Then, the computer sharing files must have a folder configured with the proper permissions to allow other computers in the network to access it. 4 LTS (32 bit) PROBLEM The shared folder(s) as seen in Ubuntu is/are empt Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. In Linux, both directories and files incur permissions. Irrespective of where the File System is physically mounted all the directories are arranged hierarchically under the Root file system. Use sudo, the find command, and a pipemill to chmod as in the following examples. txt folder mycats myfolder myjeans new_folder. ACL is included in the default Slackware install (for Ubuntu sudo apt-get install acl should do the trick). Linux: What is opt directory used for? Know how to open opt file in Ubuntu terminal and how to change permission of opt folder in Ubuntu. If you need to list a file's permissions, use the ls command. They provide a step-by-step process to doing development and devops activities with Ubuntu, on servers, clouds or devices. How can I access the Windows System Drive in Bash? In the Linux/Ubuntu Bash directory structure, the Windows 10 system drive and other connected drives are mounted and exposed in the /mnt/ directory. In Ubuntu you can open your required folder by double-clicking it, or by choosing one of the options from the right-click menu: Open; Open In New Tab; and, Open In New Window. rm: Short for remove, this command is used to remove any files or folders. It precedes this list with a status line that indicates the total number of file system blocks (512 byte units) occupied by the files in that directory. How to show current permissions of a folder. This Liquid Web Tutorial will lead you through adding a user, granting user privileges, and saving your file in Ubuntu 14. When you create a new file it is the directory that changes. The permission for deleting a file is not governed by the write permission on the deleted file; it is controlled by the write permission on the directory containing the file. How to Deploy a Symfony Application to Production on Ubuntu 14. 0m instead of. For example we have two files with following permissions: $ ls -l file* -rwxr-xr--. It only takes a minute to sign up. How To Run. We usually perform this task through the Ubuntu Terminal(the command line utility) using the sudo function. With a directory, "write" permission means that you can create new files in the directory or remove old files. This tutorial shows you how to set up a SAMBA server which authenticates all users to an Active Directory, including group based permissions. On linux the hard drive partitions are generally not mounted at boot. 04 LTS while logged in as root. Apache Directory Studio is a complete directory tooling platform intended to be used with any LDAP server however it is particularly designed for use with ApacheDS. -N, --no-pad Don't pad filenames so that they align in the output. While working with files and folders as a Linux Administrator, we frequently need to access and edit files and folders that require root permissions. Also tried using chmod to change the permissions to no avail. To change permissions for a single directory, but only for a limited number of users, you would need to change the group that that directory belongs to. luzar@ubuntu:~/mycats$ ls /home/luzar file. When I try to log into SSH before logging in on the local machine I get the following error:. 04 LTS - Duration:. What if you need to share a folder with some specific users, or in other words users who have username and password only can access the shared directory. For instance, if the file work was owned by the root user and the marketing group, members of the marketing group could run the work program as if they were the root user. For a more in depth discussion on Linux file permissions, see Linux file permission concepts. It shows things like the file/directory owner and permissions. 04, setting file and folder permissions should be the same… You can use file permission to control who should have access to files you own…. Step 2: Right click on the file and select Properties option. When run by itself, ls returns a list of the current working directory. For the sake of this post, I will use the folder Sites (that I created under my personal folder /home/shprink/Sites/). Other solutions for the same task, are samba + winbind, and the Likewise tool, which provides a GUI along with the command line. This tutorial will show how to configure shared folders on your Windows 7 computer and access them from Ubuntu via your home network. To view and set the permissions for a file, right click it and select Properties, then select the Permissions tab. Step 3: In the resulting pop up, select. (On current Linux systems, root is the only user with the CAP_FOWNER capability. sh file, follow the steps given below to run. CHMOD stands for "Change Mode" and it is the Linux command which is used to change the access permissions of files and directories. rm is a command to remove your file or even your directory. you may want to keep a terminal window open while reading this so you can cut & paste. chmod can be used in recursive mode to add or remove permissions from a group of files or folders at once. Important: The XAMPP installation sets the correct Ownership of the files and permissions. Step 9 – Set Private Shared Directory. 04, I made an ext4 partition of around 80 Gb in notebook's HDD. So now you've got Ubuntu installed in a Virtual Machine, you'll probably find it useful to have a shared folder with the Windows host OS. What should my permissions be on my id_rsa file to. In fact, I'm just glad we are able read from and write to those types of file systems from Linux at all! In a nutshell. 51-5ubuntu1_amd64 NAME acl — Access Control Lists DESCRIPTION This manual page describes POSIX Access Control Lists, which are used to define more fine- grained discretionary access rights for files and directories. Each Windows file system has a File Allocation Table (FAT, VFAT, or similar) that states which disk blocks hold the topmost directory. Life is a bit different in a Unix/Linux world. , this WILL NOT fix your problems. If you plan to use the number options, then you need to add the numbers for each permission (see the first list). In this article we will set up some samba file shares in Ubuntu 18. That is why you need write permission to the directory. sh file in Ubuntu is pretty easy. Since you say it's on an Ubuntu server, I'm going to assume you are using a command line interface (not graphical desktop). Access Ubuntu Shared Folders from Windows 7. Get Root Permissions via File Manager in Ubuntu 16. I am a software engineer, but new to the Ubuntu Linux world and trying to read through all the smb/cifs/gvfs manuals can be quite a task. You should keep in mind that we elaborate on directory permissions and it has nothing to do with the individual file permissions. The /proc/self/auxv file is present here as well with the same permissions. ls -l stands for long list, it shows more information than the regular ls command. This article has been written to help you to setup correct permissions for the home folder in active directory domain services in Windows Server 2012 R2. Renato Medina Development UBUNTU Group,Permission,Ubuntu,User Today I had change a folder to be written by 2 users. Hiding a folder or file just “removes” the folder from the normal view and then you can choose to display “hidden files” to see it. $ chmod 777 -R /path/to/Dir To assign reasonably secure permissions to files and folders/directories, it's common to give files a permission of 644 , and directories a 755 permission, using the find command and a pipe we can target just files. test " will be recognized by the system as a hidden file so that a file named "test " will not be. Having lots of lovely space on your new server is no good if nothing other than the server itself can see it! So, let's share some drives and folders using Samba so they can be seen by other computers and devices on your network. I recently came across a task, where in I had to get folder permissions using Powershell on a specified path and all the sub folders. first, be sure to enable sharing of the folder you wish to share, on the host computer (open home folder, right click on folder you wish to share > sharing options > check "share this folder" and give it a share name). See also Profile folder - Thunderbird and Profile folder - SeaMonkey. In Linux, directories are also files and therefore the file permissions apply on a directory level as well, although some permissions are applied differently depending upon whether. In this article, we will show you how to copy permissions and ownership from one file to another file in Linux using chmod and chown commands respectively. Also tried using chmod to change the permissions to no avail. www (drupal) needs to be able to read all the files, and needs to be able to write inside the files directory. It uses Samba, Winbind, Kerberos and nsswitch. will only change the permission of the folder directory but will leave the files and folders inside the directory alone. Change permissions If you want to change permissions you need to use chmod. Click on Network to view a list with all computers available (turned on at that time) in the network. -type f -exec chmod 644 {} + sudo find. Add a new shared folder. You need to understand the concept of "Users" and "File Permissions". 1 How to install OpenFOAM and any of its variants? These are the known installation instructions for OpenFOAM and many of its forks/variants: The instructions for the official OpenFOAM versions are provided at the OpenFOAM Foundation website. Any help on how to start would be greatly appreciated. The owner of a file can change the permissions for user (u), group (g), or others (o) by adding (+) or subtracting (-) the read, write, and execute permissions. This how-to has been written to help with setting up share and NTFS permissions for an Active Directory home folder structure. Move /home to it’s own partition January 29, 2006 Posted by Carthik in administration, guides, ubuntu. If the file doesn't contain a program, execute permission doesn't do you much good and can provoke the shell to complain bitterly as it tries (from its rather dim point of view) to make sense of your file. conf at the present time. Irrespective of where the File System is physically mounted all the directories are arranged hierarchically under the Root file system. Assuming you have two files or you have just created a new file and want it to have the same permissions and ownership of an older file. Again, you can use an FTP client to change the permission modes, or you can use the following commands in your WordPress directory to quickly adjust the permissions of all of your files and folders: sudo find. I'm trying to do a mysqldump to an external USB hard disk on Ubuntu 10. So, that was the brief overview of how you can search for files using the command line in Ubuntu. How to Rename Files in Linux By Mike Tee - Posted on Aug 23, 2018 Oct 23, 2018 in Linux Renaming files is not a particularly advanced operation; as long as it's done on a small number of files, it usually doesn't require special tools. You can access this folder to back up and view files. That's how we are going to create file in Ubuntu terminal, the easy way I often use to create an empty file. As many people anticipated, soon Windows 7 will cease away just like XP, and this is the time for them to consider switching to GNU/Linux operating system. This is only useful if checking a list of files. $ cp src des. Ubuntu is in turn based on the Debian distribution of Linux. In the GUI it can be done the exact same way as in Windows. This provides redundancy in case of a partial disk corruption. Step 9 - Set Private Shared Directory. Although you will get the basic information you need to install and configure your Ubuntu system for accessing Windows shares, if you want to see it in action (including those […]. This is not a problem since the permissions of symbolic links are never used. Nagios Plugins - The official Nagios Plugins package contains over 50 plugins to get you started monitoring all the basics. You need to use ls command with -l option. To learn more about Linux file and directory permissions, search on the Web or use the Linux man command to research the chmod and umask commands. When you create a new file it is the directory that changes. PERMISSIONS The file owner and processes capable of CAP_FOWNER are granted the right to modify ACLs of a file. of the link is identical to the owner of the target file or directory (in terms of Linux file system ownership/permissions. I was simply not able to copy anything in it or create a new file. If you want to change permissions you need to use chmod. I am a software engineer, but new to the Ubuntu Linux world and trying to read through all the smb/cifs/gvfs manuals can be quite a task. $ cp src des. When these permissions are set, any user who runs that executable file assumes the user ID of the owner (or group) of the executable file. As for permissions, there are 3 type of actions that you can perform on a file/folder. Any help on how to start would be greatly appreciated. 04 LTS while logged in as root. The unix rm command will test for that and issue a warning, but you can suppress that warning with -f. Here is an example on Ubuntu change permissions on file. It only takes a minute to sign up. You should keep in mind that we elaborate on directory permissions and it has nothing to do with the individual file permissions. This allows you to have a Linux machine serving files via SMB, where your authentication and autorization for the files and folders is done via Active Directory. See also Profile folder - Thunderbird and Profile folder - SeaMonkey. Arduino: 1. I would like to change permissions of a folder and all its sub folders and files in one step (command) in Linux. 11 (Ubuntu) PHP/5. You can also specify a directory to list. Server Training - Server Management Access Control Lists (ACLs) allow you to provide different levels of access to files and folders for different users. They even fixed the gvfs permissions errors I was getting with OpenOffice trying to open files on my Windows Shares. If you use 600 it equals 0600. 4 + Ubuntu 8. How to Manage File and Folder Permissions in Linux For many users of Linux, getting used to file permissions and ownership can be a bit of a challenge. 04 LTS while logged in as root. An interesting place to look at different kinds of file permissions is the /bin directory. conf at the present time. I have already tried the below command but it works only for the mentioned folder:. The permission for deleting a file is not governed by the write permission on the deleted file; it is controlled by the write permission on the directory containing the file. So it seems that the default permissions on user home directories in Ubuntu 12. 2 Anonymous Samba sharing. This can be a single item, or a colon-separated list. Open a folder and you will see on the left side that a shared folder has been mounted. This is not a problem since the permissions of symbolic links are never used. Show hidden files in Ubuntu & other Linux. and then use Nano to edit it. Granting external users folder permissions in Ubuntu 16. You need to use ls command with -l option. As a root user, create a directory that will be used to save all files generated and stocked by Dolibarr (PDf invoices, uploaded images, ), and attribute to this directory a owner that must be the web server (example www-data on Debian, apache on Mandriva, RedHat, Fedora). -N, --no-pad Don't pad filenames so that they align in the output. That is why every. It shows things like the file/directory owner and permissions. The commands for modifying file permissions and ownership are: chmod – change permissions. That said, we can still manage to share folders between guest OS running on Hyper-V and the host operating system in a way which is secure, well-tested and stable. Start to end Mediawiki Setup Guide at ofswiki. The setgid permission will ensure that new files created in the document root will inherit the group ID from their parent directory. changes the access permissions of all files and subdirectories under a directory if one is specified as a path name on the command line. -type d -exec chmod 755 {} + sudo chmod 600 wp-config. From the left until the number is the file permissions and the number is the number of the links/shortcuts to the file. I'm gearing up to deploy a Drupal 7 site and I can't find any documentation about what the recommended security-conscious file and directory permissions should be set to. If the specified pathname is a directory, ls displays information on every file in that directory (one file per line). Starting at the right the first digit is the owner permissions the second is the group permissions and the third digit is the permissions for everyo. You can test the file permissions by navigating to a different directory within the SFTP shell, and trying. It shows things like the file/directory owner and permissions. i'm learning ubuntu in class and one of our assignments is to display all the users and their permissions i cant seem to figure out the command to allow me to do this. It has to Windows 7 as well. Back to Desktop University Storage Click on: https://storage. For a more in depth discussion on Linux file permissions, see Linux file permission concepts. smbcredentials. THEN CONVERT. Applying default permissions for newly created files within a specific folder I've been trying to do this for a while, but I haven't found much info on this so I had to put the pieces together myself, so to speak. To "activate" it, you simply have to remount the drive with the acl option. Use the drop-down lists to adjust the permissions of contained files or folders, and click Change. and then use Nano to edit it. /var is a standard subdirectory of the root directory in Linux and other Unix-like operating systems that contains files to which the system writes data during the course of its operation. Since you say it's on an Ubuntu server, I'm going to assume you are using a command line interface (not graphical desktop). Attempt to set permissions for the file dsn directory. One of the biggest difficulties migrating to Ubuntu is losing access to your windows files. in your terminal type sudo xterm. File access permissions are displayed in the first column of the output, after the character for file type. You can test the file permissions by navigating to a different directory within the SFTP shell, and trying. How to see the hidden folders in linux If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. You can choose any one of these methods depending upon the search speed and conditions. File & folder security is a big part of any operating system and Linux is no exception! These permissions allow you to choose exactly who can access your files and folders, providing an overall enhanced security system. Only file’s owner or the superuser can change a file’s permissions. For a simple directory listing, at the Unix prompt, enter: ls. To install VirtualBox anyway you need to setup a 64-bit chroot environment. That said, we can still manage to share folders between guest OS running on Hyper-V and the host operating system in a way which is secure, well-tested and stable. I'm often experimenting with different fileserver setups for home use. 2 Anonymous Samba sharing. It is not a good idea to use 7zip by itself to backup and restore *nix files because it will not retain the owner or group for the files. txt Now that we've secured the ftp directory and allowed the user access to the files directory, let's modify our configuration. Updating from Ubuntu LTS 16. In the GUI it can be done the exact same way as in Windows. chmod -R will change all the permissions of each file and folder under a specified directory at once. Apil Tamang. The post contained information on Azure Files, how to get started by applying for preview and explained some tools that we have to help you create the share and transfer data. When I last installed Ubuntu 13. This guide explains how to join an Ubuntu Desktop machine into a Microsoft Active Directory Domain. So now you've got Ubuntu installed in a Virtual Machine, you'll probably find it useful to have a shared folder with the Windows host OS. This is a beginners' step by step guide that shows how to share a folder in Ubuntu 14. In Linux, files or folders that you created in your Home directory are usually owned by you, unless you specifically change the ownership. The output shows the most recently modified files or folders at the top of the list. Each file has a primary user that owns it and a group assigned to it. It'd take some times if you are going to delete a folder with lots of contents. : /etc/sudoers) The "admin" group is configured to be the PolicyKit "administrator authentication" group. Change directory with the following command and find out the name of your usb stick. Neither command is difficult to use. How to change permissions on a Ubuntu directory Here's the deal: I have downloaded a Ubuntu distro with Wordpress installed. $ chmod 4777 myscript $ chmod 4764 myscript. The VirtualBox base package binaries are released under the terms of the GPL version 2. Maximum is 2,048 bytes. It is an Eclipse RCP application, composed of several Eclipse (OSGi) plugins, that can be easily upgraded with additional ones. The server is running an Amazon AMI with an EBS share mounted to /var/www Here are the folder permissions I am working with: drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Sep 26 15:12. Lets call the group "media". You can use file permission to control who should have access to files you own… You won’t be able to set permissions on files and folders you don’t already own or have access to. Ubuntu is a popular distribution of the GNU/Linux operating system. chmod can be used in recursive mode to add or remove permissions from a group of files or folders at once. I have tried sudo chmod 666 /var/www and sudo chmod 755 /var/www without success.